Wound complications from idiopathic clubfoot surgery: A comparison of the modified Turco and the Cincinnati treatment methods

Wellington K. Hsu, Nitin N. Bhatia, Alexander Raskin, Norman Y. Otsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: Treatment protocols using the Turco and the Cincinnati incisions are widely used for the surgical correction of clubfoot deformity. However, it is unclear which surgical approach leads to fewer wound problems. We therefore sought to determine which treatment method led to a lower incidence of wound complications. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of 217 consecutive patients (308 feet) who underwent a primary posteromedial release for the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot under the age of 24 months via either the modified Turco or Cincinnati treatment methods was used to document the incidence of postoperative wound complications. The modified Turco protocol involved immediate postoperative casting in neutral, whereas the Cincinnati method involved staged casting with the foot initially in equinus, then to neutral with a cast change 7 days later. RESULTS: A significantly lower incidence of wound complications was seen in the Cincinnati treatment group when compared with the modified Turco treatment method (6.9% vs 19.6%, respectively, P < 0.003). When patients were stratified based on immediate versus staged postoperative casting methods, there was a significantly lower incidence of wound complications (P < 0.05) in feet in the Cincinnati treatment group versus the modified Turco treatment method; however, the statistical populations were markedly unequal. Among all feet treated with the Cincinnati method, patients who underwent a staged cast change had significantly fewer wound problems when compared with those who underwent immediate casting with the foot in neutral (5.1% vs 16.7%, respectively, P < 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: In the surgical correction of idiopathic clubfoot, the incidence of wound complications is significantly decreased with the use of the Cincinnati treatment method rather than the modified Turco treatment protocol. Whether this effect is a result of the incision or the postoperative casting protocol is unclear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-332
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Cincinnati
  • Clubfoot
  • Postoperative casting
  • Turco
  • Wound complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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