Word recognition as a function of spelling direction during study and test

Greg Cermak, John Schnorr, Herman Buschke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The spelling direction (backward or forward) of words presented for study and test was varied factorially. During recognition Ss indicated which word of each test pair had been presented for study, and the incorrect choice of each pair was a homophone, a synonym, or a word unrelated to the correct choice. Recognition was worst with synonym distractors and best with unrelated word distractors. For each type of distractor, recognition was better for backward-spelled study words than for forward-spelled study words, and words spelled in the same direction in both study and test were recognized better than words spelled in a different direction during study and test. The latter result supports the hypothesis that visual information may be important for word recognition. The latencies of correct recognition responses suggested that memory of decoding acts can facilitate subsequent similar decodings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-128
Number of pages2
JournalPsychonomic Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1970
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


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