Virtual anatomic phantoms offer precise voxel mapping of the variation of anatomy with ground truth deformation vector fields (DVFs). Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and mean distance to agreement (MDA) are the standard metrics for evaluating geometric contour congruence when testing deformable registration (DIR) algorithms. A HN virtual patient phantom data set was used for a kVCT-kVCT automatic propagation contour validation study employing the Accuray DIR algorithm. Furthermore, since TomoTherapy uses MVCT images of the relevant anatomy for adaptive monitoring, the kVCT image data set quality was transformed to an MVCT image data set quality to study intermodal kVCT-MVCT DIR accuracy. The results of the study indicate that the Accuray DIR algorithm can be expected to autopropagate HN contours adequately, on average, within tolerances recommended by TG-132 (DSC 0.8-0.9, MDA within voxel width). However, contours critical to dosimetric planning should always be visually proofed for accuracy. Using standard reconstruction MVCT image quality causes slightly less, but acceptable, agreement with ground truth contours.
- deformable registration
- registration accuracy
- virtual phantoms
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging