Diabetic ketoacidosis is a feared complication in patients with diabetes mellitus and poses high risk of mortality and morbidity unless treated in timely manner. Infection is one of the most common precipitating factors for the development of diabetic ketoacidosis. Bacteremia with Group A and Group B beta hemolytic streptococcal strains are well known, however nonenterococcal Group D strains such as the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex (SBSEC) still remains an understudied entity. Here we present a case of a 35-year-old Type I diabetic female presenting with severe diabetic ketoacidosis with overlapping features of hyperosmolar hyperglycemia, precipitated by Streptococcus alactolyticus bacteremia, successfully treated with four-week course of parenteral ceftriaxone. This case report emphasizes the potential importance of SBSEC as an emerging pathologic strain and culprit for triggering diabetic ketoacidosis which requires prompt diagnosis and targeted therapy.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Nonenterococcal group D streptococcus
- Streptococcus alactolyticus
- Streptococcus bovis/equinus (SBSEC)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases