Transcutaneous and Percutaneous Neurostimulation for Headache Disorders

Matthew S. Robbins, Richard B. Lipton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Noninvasive and minimally invasive extracranial stimulation has now been widely investigated for the treatment of primary headache disorders, particularly migraine. In this review, we describe methodological challenges in studying occipital and supraorbital stimulation devices. We explore the efficacy and safety of implantable occipital nerve stimulation for primary headache disorders, including the 3 randomized, sham-controlled clinical trials for chronic migraine treatment. We also review noninvasive supraorbital transcutaneous stimulation as a preventive therapy for episodic migraine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-13
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017


  • chronic
  • intractable
  • migraine
  • minimally invasive
  • neuromodulation
  • neurostimulation
  • noninvasive
  • occipital
  • refractory
  • supraorbital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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