Total synthesis, relay synthesis, and structural confirmation of the C18-norditerpenoid alkaloid neofinaconitine

Yuan Shi, Jeremy T. Wilmot, Lars Ulrik Nordstrøm, Derek S. Tan, David Y. Gin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


The first total synthesis of the C18-norditerpenoid aconitine alkaloid neofinaconitine and relay syntheses of neofinaconitine and 9-deoxylappaconitine from condelphine are reported. A modular, convergent synthetic approach involves initial Diels-Alder cycloaddition between two unstable components, cyclopropene 10 and cyclopentadiene 11. A second Diels-Alder reaction features the first use of an azepinone dienophile (8), with high diastereofacial selectivity achieved via rational design of siloxydiene component 36 with a sterically demanding bromine substituent. Subsequent Mannich-type N-acyliminium and radical cyclizations provide complete hexacyclic skeleton 33 of the aconitine alkaloids. Key endgame transformations include the installation of the C8-hydroxyl group via conjugate addition of water to a putative strained bridghead enone intermediate 45 and one-carbon oxidative truncation of the C4 side chain to afford racemic neofinaconitine. Complete structural confirmation was provided by a concise relay synthesis of (+)-neofinaconitine and (+)-9-deoxylappaconitine from condelphine, with X-ray crystallographic analysis of the former clarifying the NMR spectral discrepancy between neofinaconitine and delphicrispuline, which were previously assigned identical structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14313-14320
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 25 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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