Timing of protooncogene expression varies in toxin‐induced liver regeneration

Phyllis Schmiedeberg, Luis Biempica, Mark J. Czaja

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51 Scopus citations


Hepatic expression of the protooncogenes c‐fos and c‐myc occurs within 2 h after partial hepatectomy, and these immediate early genes are thought to prime the hepatocytes for subsequent proliferation. To examine whether such gene activation occured in the setting of hepatocyte proliferation after toxic liver injury, protooncogene expression was examined during the regenerative response following liver injury from carbon tetrachloride (CCI4) or galactosamine (GaIN). The pattern of protooncogene expression after CCI4 mirrored that seen after partial hepatectomy, with rises in c‐fos and c‐myc mRNA content within 2 h, and then a rapid return to baseline levels. In contrast, early c‐fos and c‐myc expression did not occur after GaIN injury. Instead GaIN‐induced regeneration led to a delayed and prolonged c‐fos an c‐myc activation which peaked 24–48 h after injury. Increase in c‐jun, jun‐B, and jun‐D mRNA levels also occured in both models at times similar to the rises of c‐fos and c‐myc expression. Although the timing of DNA synthesis was identical after GaIN or CCI4 treatment the proliferative response after GaIN injury was significantly less than that of CCI4, and marked by the histologic appearance of oval cells. The coadministration of 2‐acetylaminofluorene, an inhibitor of differentiated hepatocyte proliferation, together with CCI4 altered the usual pattern of post‐CCI4 protooncogene expression to one resembling that seen after GaIN injury. Thus, the timing of protooncogene expression during liver regeneration may vary considerably. These variations may influence the nature of the proliferative response in terms of which cell types(s) proliferates, and the amount of regeneration that ensures. © 1993 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)294-300
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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