Three-dimensional sonography in the evaluation of primary hyperparathyroidism

Susan J. Frank, Tova C. Koenigsberg, Jennifer Lee, Rebecca M. Sternschein, Mordecai Koenigsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Three-dimensional sonography is useful in the preoperative evaluation of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. In this pictorial essay, we review the characteristic spectrum of grayscale and Doppler appearances of parathyroid glands on 2-dimensional sonography and demonstrate the additional benefits of 3-dimensional scanning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-519
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014


  • 3-dimensional sonography
  • General ultrasound
  • Parathyroid
  • Sonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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