The spine: Congenital and developmental conditions

Benjamin H. Taragin, Sandra L. Wootton-Gorges

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


The chapter initially discusses normal spinal development and variants. Pathology is addressed first in terms of general structural vertebral anomalies. These are then applied to congenital scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis, as well as anomalies involving the craniovertebral junction. Discussion of spinal dysraphism follows, including tethered filum terminale, hydrosyringomyelia, and diastematomyelia. Congenital intraspinal tumors are briefly reviewed. Klippel-Feil syndrome and caudal regression are presented, as well as spine manifestations of neurofibromatosis and several other syndromes. Idiopathic scoliosis is discussed in detail, including curve measurement, imaging techniques, and treatment options. Neuromuscular scoliosis is briefly reviewed. The chapter concludes with juvenile kyphosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Orthopedic Imaging
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages64
ISBN (Print)9783642453816, 9783642453809
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)


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