The Relationship between Corneal Biomechanics and Intraocular Pressure Dynamics in Patients Undergoing Intravitreal Injection

Evan K. Dackowski, Jee Young Moon, Jessie Wang, Anurag Shrivastava, Jeffrey S. Schultz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Precis: A higher "corneal resistance factor" (CRF) was associated with greater intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. Both higher "corneal hysteresis" (CH) and CRF were associated with more rapid IOP recovery postinjection. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between measurable corneal biomechanical properties and acute IOP elevation after rapid intraocular volume expansion from the routine intravitreal injection. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients necessitating unilateral intravitreal injection with 0.05 mL of bevacizumab for retinal pathology were analyzed before injection with Goldmann Applanation Tonometry to measure IOP, Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) to measure corneal biomechanical properties, and optical biometry to calculate globe measurements. IOP and ORA were measured again within 5 minutes of the injection and then IOP measurements were taken every 10 minutes until the IOP was ≤150% of the preinjection IOP. Linear regression and logistic regression were used to test variables associated with acute IOP increase. A Cox proportional hazard model accounting for preinjection IOP and postinjection IOP was used to test the effect of CH or CRF on the time required to return to 150% of baseline IOP. Results: Higher CRF was associated with greater immediate postinjection IOP (P=0.026) elevation. A preinjection IOP>15.5 mm Hg moderately predicted postinjection IOP≥35 mm Hg (area under the receiver operating characteristics curve=0.74). A preinjection IOP>18.5 mm Hg combined with CH poorly predicted postinjection IOP>50 mm Hg (area under the receiver operating characteristics curve=0.67). A higher CH [hazard ratio (HR)=1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.08-1.42; P=0.002] and preinjection IOP (HR=1.16; 95% CI=1.09-1.22; P<0.001), along with a lower immediate postinjection IOP (HR=0.93; 95% CI=0.90-0.95; P<0.001), were each independently associated with quicker IOP recovery postinjection. Similar results were seen in the Cox model examining CRF and IOP recovery. Conclusions: Higher CRF and preinjection IOP were independently associated with greater postinjection IOP elevations. ORA metrics did not greatly strengthen the prediction of patients who would have postinjection IOP>50 mm Hg. Higher CH and CRF were associated with faster IOP recovery after intravitreal injection, demonstrating the dynamic relationship between ocular biomechanical properties and aqueous outflow pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-458
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of glaucoma
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021


  • corneal biomechanics
  • corneal hysteresis
  • glaucoma
  • intraocular pressure
  • intravitreal injection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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