The impact of mass incarceration on outpatients in the Bronx: A card study

Minesh P. Shah, Sadiqa Edmonds-Myles, Matthew Anderson, E. Shapiro Miriam, Carolyn Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


objective. We examined the impact of arrest and incarceration on primary care patients in the Bronx, New York. methods. Patients at three clinics were asked eight questions concerning current and past involvement in criminal proceedings, arrest, and incarceration. Results. One hundred eighteen patients were surveyed. Eleven (9%) patients were currently involved in criminal proceedings. Twenty-one (18%) currently had a family member in jail or prison. Twenty-nine (25%) reported ever being arrested; 65 (55%) reported that they or a family member had been arrested. Twenty-one (18%) had been incarcerated; 60 (51%) reported they or a family member had spent time in jail or prison. For most variables, rates were higher for men and the adults accompanying children at pediatric visits. Clinicians reported positive experiences discussing incarceration. conclusions. Involvement with the criminal justice system was common among our patients. Discussion of incarceration did not appear to have a negative impact on the clinical relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1049-1059
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of health care for the poor and underserved
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2009


  • Card study
  • Correctional health
  • Mass incarceration
  • Primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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