The calcium/calmodulin-dependent phosphodiesterase PDE1C down-regulates glucose-induced insulin secretion

Ping Han, John Werber, Manju Surana, Norman Fleischer, Tamar Michaeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


To understand the role cAMP phosphodiesterases (PDEs) play in the regulation of insulin secretion, we analyzed cyclic nucleotide PDEs of a pancreatic β-cell line and used family and isozyme-specific PDE inhibitors to identify the PDEs that counteract glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. We demonstrate the presence of soluble PDE1C, PDE4A and 4D, a cGMP-specific PDE, and of particulate PDE3, activities in βTC3 insulinoma cells. Selective inhibition of PDE1C, but not of PDE4, augmented glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in a dose-dependent fashion thus demonstrating that PDE1C is the major PDE counteracting glucose-dependent insulin secretion from βTC3 cells. In pancreatic islets, inhibition of both PDE1C and PDE3 augmented glucose- dependent insulin secretion. The PDE1C of βTC3 cells is a novel isozyme possessing a K(m) of 0.47 μM for cAMP and 0.25 μM for cGMP. The PDE1C isozyme of βTC3 cells is sensitive to 8-methoxymethyl isobutylmethylxanthine and zaprinast (IC50 = 7.5 and 4.5 μM, respectively) and resistant to vinpocetine (IC50 > 100 μM). Increased responsiveness of PDE1C activity to calcium/calmodulin is evident upon exposure of cells to glucose. Enhanced cAMP degradation by PDE1C, due to increases in its responsiveness to calcium/calmodulin and in intracellular calcium, constitutes a glucose- dependent feedback mechanism for the control of insulin secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22337-22344
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number32
StatePublished - Aug 6 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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