Targeting angiogenesis in gastrointestinal tumors: Current challenges

Amara G. Nandikolla, Lakshmi Rajdev

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the few cancers where screening modalities are standardized, but it still remains the third leading cause of cancer related mortality. For more than a decade now, the approval of anti-angiogenic therapy has led to an increase in the rate of overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced colon cancer. The drawback of the anti-angiogenic therapy is that their effect is short-lived and many patients progress through these therapies. Various mechanisms of resistance have been hypothesized, but overcoming this has been challenging. Also, there are no standardized predictive biomarkers that could aid in selecting patients who responds to the therapy upfront. This review focuses on the basis of angiogenesis, describing the approved anti-angiogenic therapies, discusses the challenges in terms of resistance to anti-angiogenic therapy and also the role of biomarkers. In the future, hopefully newer targeted therapies, immunotherapy, combination therapies and the standardization of biomarkers may result in improved outcomes and cure rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number67
JournalTranslational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Issue numberSEP
StatePublished - 2016


  • Anti-angiogenic agents
  • Biomarkers
  • Challenges
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC)
  • Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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