Subcellular localization of the Snf1 kinase is regulated by specific β subunits and a novel glucose signaling mechanism

Olivier Vincent, Robert Townley, Sergei Kuchin, Marian Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

222 Scopus citations


The Snfl/AMP-activated protein kinase family has broad roles in transcriptional, metabolic, and developmental regulation in response to stress. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Snf1 is required for the response to glucose limitation. Snf1 kinase complexes contain the α (catalytic) subunit Snf1, one of the three related β subunits Gal83, Sip1, or Sip2, and the γ subunit Snf4. We present evidence that the β subunits regulate the subcellular localization of the Snf1 kinase. Green fluorescent protein fusions to Gal83, Sip1, and Sip2 show different patterns of localization to the nucleus, vacuole, and/or cytoplasm. We show that Gal83 directs Snf1 to the nucleus in a glucose-regulated manner. We further identify a novel signaling pathway that controls this nuclear localization in response to glucose phosphorylation. This pathway is distinct from the glucose signaling pathway that inhibits Snf1 kinase activity and responds not only to glucose but also to galactose and sucrose. Such independent regulation of the localization and the activity of the Snf1 kinase, combined with the distinct localization of kinases containing different β subunits, affords versatility in regulating physiological responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1104-1114
Number of pages11
JournalGenes and Development
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Glucose signaling
  • Nuclear localization
  • Snfl/AMPK kinases
  • Yeast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology


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