Strabismus in craniosynostosis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Strabismus is common in craniosynostosis, with rates from 39% to 90.9% in Crouzon, Apert, Pfeiffer, and Saethre-Chotzen syndromes. This article reviews the epidemiology of strabismus in these disorders and discusses competing theories of the mechanism, including absent muscles, excyclorotation of muscles, and instability of muscle pulleys. The authors then review options for surgical treatment of the often complex ocular misalignment in these disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-148
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Ophthalmology


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