Stimulation of macrophage phagocytic but not bactericidal activity by colony-stimulating factor 1

C. Cheers, M. Hill, A. M. Haigh, E. R. Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


The ability of mouse peritoneal cells to phagocytose and lyse Listeria monocytogenes was measured after the cells were incubated with purified murine macrophage-specific colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1). Activation of combined phagocytic and bacteriolytic ability required 24 h, with an optimal dose of 1,000 U of CSF-1 per ml. No activation was achieved with a shorter period of incubation, known to be sufficient for GM-CSF to stimulate phagocytosis by granulocytes, and there was no advantage in longer exposure. After 24 h in 1,000 U of GSF-1, macrophages showed visibly increased spreading on the plastic petri dish. Activated cells examined microscopically showed an increase in the number of phagocytic cells and in the numbers of bacteria per phagocytic cell. This increased phagocytic ability was evident also in the increase in the amount of radioactivity associated with the cells following a 30-min incubation with radiolabeled bacteria. When these cells were carefully washed, the percentage of this initial uptake released during the next 2 h was not increased by pretreatment of the cells with CSF-1, showing that the effect of this growth factor was on phagocytosis of the bacteria not on the killing mechanisms per se.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1512-1516
Number of pages5
JournalInfection and immunity
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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