The carbohydrate moieties of the G glycoprotein of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) grown in three distinct lectin-resistant (LecR) Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines have been compared by fine structural analysis of radiolabeled glycopeptides. The mutant WgaRIII, selected for resistance to wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), produces VSV containing G glycoprotein specifically lacking in sialic acid. The mutant PhaRI, selected for resistance to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and previously shown to lack a particular glycoprotein N-acetyl-glucosaminyl-transferase activity, produces VSV containing G glycoprotein specifically lacking terminal N-acetylglucosamine-galactose-sialic acid sequences and possessing an increased number of mannose residues in the "core" region of its carbohydrate moieties. The mutant PhaRIConARII, a "double" mutant selected from PhaRI cells for resistance to concanavalin A (ConA), produces VSV containing G glycoprotein with a further alteration in the mannose residues of the "core" oligosaccharide region. We discuss the relevance of these findings to the mechanisms of glycoprotein biosynthesis in mammalian cells and to the biochemical bases of lectin resistance in CHO cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)