The multiplex capabilities of the new xMAP INTELLIFLEX DR-SE flow analyzer were explored by modifying a serological assay previously used to characterize the IgG antibody to infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The goal was to examine the instrument's performance and to simultaneously measure IgM and IgG antibody responses against multiple SARS-CoV-2 antigens in a single assay. Specific antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S), receptor binding domain (RBD), and nucleocapsid (N) proteins were investigated in 310 symptomatic case patients using a fluorescent microsphere immunoassay and simultaneous detection of IgM and IgG. Neutralization potential was studied using the addition of soluble angiotensin- converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) to block antibody binding. A profile extending to 180 days from symptom onset (DFSO) was described for antibodies specific to each viral antigen. Generally, IgM levels peaked and declined rapidly ;3-4 weeks following infection, whereas S- and RBD-specific IgG plateaued at 80 DFSO. ACE2 more effectively prevented IgM and IgG binding in convalescent cases . 30 DFSO, suggesting those antibodies had greater neutralization potential. This work highlighted the multiplex and multi-analyte potential of the xMAP INTELLIFLEX DR-SE, and provided further evidence for antigen-specific IgM and IgG trajectories in acute and convalescent cases.
- fluorescent microsphere immunoassay
- spike glycoprotein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Microbiology (medical)
- Cell Biology
- Infectious Diseases