Simulation Activity in Otolaryngology Residencies

Ellen S. Deutsch, Gregory J. Wiet, Michael Seidman, Heather M. Hussey, Sonya Malekzadeh, Marvin P. Fried

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Objectives. Simulation has become a valuable tool in medical education, and several specialties accept or require simulation as a resource for resident training or assessment as well as for board certification or maintenance of certification. This study investigates current simulation resources and activities in US otolaryngology residency programs and examines interest in advancing simulation training and assessment within the specialty. Study Design. Web-based survey. Setting. US otolaryngology residency training programs. Subjects and Methods. An electronic web-based survey was disseminated to all US otolaryngology program directors to determine their respective institutional and departmental simulation resources, existing simulation activities, and interest in further simulation initiatives. Descriptive results are reported. Results. Responses were received from 43 of 104 (43%) residency programs. Simulation capabilities and resources are available in most respondents institutions (78.6% report onsite resources; 73.8% report availability of models, manikins, and devices). Most respondents (61%) report limited simulation activity within otolaryngology. Areas of simulation are broad, addressing technical and nontechnical skills related to clinical training (94%). Simulation is infrequently used for research, credentialing, or systems improvement. The majority of respondents (83.8%) expressed interest in participating in multicenter trials of simulation initiatives. Conclusion. Most respondents from otolaryngology residency programs have incorporated some simulation into their curriculum. Interest among program directors to participate in future multicenter trials appears high. Future research efforts in this area should aim to determine optimal simulators and simulation activities for training and assessment as well as how to best incorporate simulation into otolaryngology residency training programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-201
Number of pages9
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 25 2015


  • United States
  • biological products
  • bronchoscopes
  • certification
  • cooperative behavior
  • curriculum
  • ear
  • education
  • faculty
  • health care costs
  • health services research
  • humans
  • internship and residency
  • judgment
  • laparoscopy
  • manikins, operating rooms
  • medical
  • medical
  • otolaryngology
  • patient care
  • physicians
  • quality improvement
  • research
  • research personnel
  • schools
  • simulation
  • simulators
  • temporal bone
  • universities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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