Selective esterase-ester pair for targeting small molecules with cellular specificity

Lin Tian, Yunlei Yang, Laura M. Wysocki, Alma C. Arnold, Amy Hu, Balaji Ravichandran, Scott M. Sternson, Loren L. Looger, Luke D. Lavis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

140 Scopus citations


Small molecules are important tools to measure and modulate intracellular signaling pathways. A longstanding limitation for using chemical compounds in complex tissues has been the inability to target bioactive small molecules to a specific cell class. Here, we describe a generalizable esterase-ester pair capable of targeted delivery of small molecules to living cells and tissue with cellular specificity. We used fluorogenic molecules to rapidly identify a small ester masking motif that is stable to endogenous esterases, but is efficiently removed by an exogenous esterase. This strategy allows facile targeting of dyes and drugs in complex biological environments to label specific cell types, illuminate gap junction connectivity, and pharmacologically perturb distinct subsets of cells. We expect this approach to have general utility for the specific delivery of many small molecules to defined cellular populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4756-4761
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number13
StatePublished - Mar 27 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Cellular imaging
  • Enzyme substrates
  • Fluorophores
  • Microscopy
  • Pharmacological agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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