Resident and student education in otolaryngology: A 10-year update on e-learning

Sandip P. Tarpada, Wayne D. Hsueh, Marc J. Gibber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Objectives/Hypothesis: E-learning, in its most rudimentary form, is the use of Internet-based resources for teaching and learning purposes. In surgical specialties, this definition encompasses the use of virtual patient cases, digital modeling, and online tutorials, as well as standardized video and imaging. As new technological frontiers rapidly emerge within otolaryngology, e-learning may be an effective alternative to traditional teaching. Here we present a systematic review of the literature assessing the efficacy of e-learning for otolaryngology education and a discussion of the relevance of these programs for both medical students and residents within the field. Study Design: Systematic review. Methods: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library was conducted according to the guidelines defined in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Results: Twelve studies met inclusion criteria. These studies measured a range of outcomes from basic science anatomical knowledge to clinically relevant endpoints such as diagnostic accuracy. Nearly all of the studies reported greater satisfaction and/or significantly increased objective knowledge using the e-learning intervention compared to traditional techniques. Conclusions: E-learning proves to be a powerful alternative to standard teaching techniques within otolaryngology education for both residents and medical students. Future work should focus on validating specific e-learning programs and accessing long-term knowledge retention using these innovative platforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StateAccepted/In press - 2016


  • Blended learning
  • E-learning
  • Educational video
  • Medical education
  • Online learning
  • Open educational resources
  • Otolaryngology resident
  • Resident education
  • Surgical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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