Repair of the pectus deformity: Results of the Ravitch approach in the current era

J. Terrance Davis, Samuel Weinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Background Recent publications have advocated a minimally invasive approach to repair of the pectus deformity. Efforts to evaluate this new approach have been hampered by lack of comparative information regarding outcomes of the standard Ravitch approach. We use a modified Ravitch procedure, and present our series as a basis for comparison. Methods Records of 69 consecutive patients undergoing repair of the pectus deformity were retrospectively reviewed. Modifications included a minimal incision and a new technique to address sternal angulation. A patient satisfaction survey evaluated the patients' perception of the outcome. Results We found one wound infection (1.4%). Five patients (7.2%) had a seroma, and were treated as outpatients. Because the minimally invasive approach is used for pectus excavatum, we divided our series into excavatum and carinatum subsets. The subset of 44 pectus excavatum patients had a mean postoperative length of stay (LOS) of 2.9 days. The median patient satisfaction score was 4 on a scale of 1 to 5, at an average of 4.75 years after repair. The subset of 25 pectus carinatum patients had a mean LOS of 2.4 days and a median patient satisfaction score of 5. Conclusions The modified Ravitch procedure yields excellent results with low morbidity, hospital LOS, and cost, combined with high patient satisfaction. These current data will be useful for comparison as newer techniques for pectus repair continue to evolve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-426
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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