Receptor protein-tyrosine phosphatase γ is a candidate tumor suppressor gene at human chromosome region 3p21

S. LaForgia, B. Morse, J. Levy, G. Barnea, L. A. Cannizzaro, F. Li, P. C. Nowell, L. Boghosian-Sell, J. Glick, A. Weston, C. C. Harris, H. Drabkin, D. Patterson, C. M. Croce, J. Schlessinger, K. Huebner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

237 Scopus citations


PTPG, the gene for protein-tyrosine phosphatase γ (PTPγ), maps to a region of human chromosome 3, 3p21, that is frequently deleted in renal cell carcinoma and lung carcinoma. One of the functions of protein-tyrosine phosphatases is to reverse the effect of protein-tyrosine kinases, many of which are oncogenes, suggesting that some protein-tyrosine phosphatase genes may act as tumor suppressor genes. A hallmark of tumor suppressor genes is that they are deleted in tumors in which their inactivation contributes to the malignant phenotype. In this study, one PTPy allele was lost in 3 of 5 renal carcinoma cell lines and 5 of 10 lung carcinoma tumor samples tested. Importantly, one PTPγ allele was lost in three lung tumors that had not lost flanking loci. PTPγ mRNA was expressed in kidney cell lines and lung cell lines but not expressed in several hematopoietic cell lines tested. Thus, the PTPγ gene has characteristics that suggest it as a candidate tumor suppressor gene at 3p21.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5036-5040
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Chromosome deletions
  • Dephosphorylation
  • Loss of heterozygosity
  • Somatic cell hybrids
  • Translocations
  • Tyrosine phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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