Laser Raman spectroscopy has been applied to native and dithiothreitol-treated bovine cortical γII crystallin to examine the state of the thiol groups and the presence of a putative disulfide bridge. The data reveal significant differences in two key spectral regions. In the thiol stretching region (2500-2600 cm-1), the dithiothreitol-reduced form shows a 25% increase in the integrated Raman signal as compared to the native form. The magnitude of this increase corresponds to the presence of 1 mol of disulfide/mol of γII as determined both by the Raman data and the previous biochemical analysis from this laboratory. In the disulfide stretching region (500-540 cm-1), the native form shows a line near 511 cm-1 which is absent in the reduced form. Both native and reduced forms show a triple-banded thiol signal with one or more distinct shoulders, suggesting at least three and perhaps five different environments for the cysteine residues. The difference spectrum, obtained by a 1:1 computer subtraction of the native from the reduced form, indicates that the increase in thiol signal is centered around 2572 cm-1. In every other spectral region, both native and reduced γII forms are closely similar. These results strongly support the biochemical data reported earlier and indicate that the reduction of the single disulfide bridge is accompanied by minimal changes in secondary structure in solution.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology