Oncogenic transformation of fibroblasts by v-Src and v-Ras is often associated with downregulation of fibronectin (FN) and increased expression of CD44, a receptor for hyaluronan. Both v-Src and v-Ras as well as v-Raf activate phospholipase D through the small GTPase, RalA, an important mediator of transformation and tumorigenesis in vivo. We have therefore investigated whether Rata is involved in the down-regulation of FN and overproduction of CD44 upon oncogenic transformation. We report here that compared to untransfected cells NIH3T3 cells transformed by v-Src, v-Ras, or v-Raf have reduced levels of FN and increased levels of CD44. Moreover, the ability to form extracellular FN fibrils was significantly reduced in the oncogene-transformed cells compared to parental controls. Coexpression of the dominant negative S28N-RalA mutant restored the levels of CD44 and FN and the capacity of v-Src-, v-Ras-, and v-Raf-expressing cells to form extracellular FN fibrils, to those observed in NIH3T3 cells. The data presented here show a novel regulatory role for RalA, which is required for tumor formation in transformed NIH3T3 cells, in mediating the signal transduction pathway activated by v-Src, v-Ras, and v-Raf, that leads to FN downregulation and CD44 overexpression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology