Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy: Toward an integrative model

T. B. Karasu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


The author reviews historical trends, hypotheses, and problems in the application of pharmacotherapy and uses research findings to develop an integrative model. He portrays a chronology of models over three decades, an 'additive' relationship represents the decade of 1970 to 1980. He presents factors that must be considered in determining the effects of pharmacotherapy plus psychotherapy and recommends refinement of these variables in future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1102-1113
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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