“PSYCH-PASS”: the Development, Adaptation, and Implementation of a Psychiatric Handoff

Dina A. Patel, Arslaan Arshed, Julie Woulfe, Adam Knowles, Ana Ozdoba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: The primary purpose of the study was to develop and implement a psychiatry mnemonic PSYCH-PASS for transitions of care in residency training programs. Methods: The authors examined areas of improvement in the handoff system with residency training administration, service directors, and psychiatry residents to create PSYCH-PASS, a novel mnemonic that could be integrated in the electronic medical record (EMR). The components of PSYCH-PASS are Patient summary, Situational awareness, “whY” is the patient here, Comorbidities, Hemodynamics, Pharmacology/PRNs, Action list, Specifics, and Synthesis. The authors developed a 14 question pre- and post-survey with a 4-point Likert scale measuring five categories. Results: Pre-survey and post-surveys completed by post-graduate year 2 and 3 residents at Montefiore Medical Center (n = 24) noted increased satisfaction, handoff efficiency, handoff efficiency, accessibility, accuracy, communication, awareness, and adherence to PSYCH-PASS, along with a decrease in frequency of errors. Conclusions: With promising results across a range of metrics indicating resident-reported positive impacts on patient care, further research on the implementation of PSYCH-PASS and its integration into EMR systems is merited. Future directions include gathering objective data from Epic and expansion of the initiative to other psychiatric services and institutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-506
Number of pages4
JournalAcademic Psychiatry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 15 2019


  • Handoff
  • Medical errors
  • Sign-out
  • Transitions of care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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