Protocol for ACTH administration in refractory childhood seizures: educational strategies.

C. O'Dell, K. Maloney-Lutz, S. Shinnar, K. Ballaban-Gil, H. Kang, L. Lightstone, L. Chester, M. Sinnett, S. L. Moshe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in gel form is increasingly being used in the treatment of a variety of childhood seizure disorders. The therapy involves intramuscular injections and can be associated with significant morbidity. A teaching/learning plan for parents or caregivers based on Knowles' theory of adult learning was developed and incorporated into the ACTH protocol presented here. Twenty-nine families completed this protocol. Despite a wide range of educational levels and support systems, all caregivers proved capable of administering the medication. Few complications were encountered. In interviews with the caregivers regarding the teaching-learning process, caregivers believed it contributed to their ability to complete the therapeutic program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-369
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of neuroscience nursing : journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Medical–Surgical


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