Prevalence of personality disorders in patients with major depression and dysthymia

William C. Sanderson, Scott Wetzler, Aaron T. Beck, Frank Betz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


The authors administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Axis I (SCID-P) and Axis II (SCID-II) Disorders to 197 patients with major depression, 63 patients with dysthymia, and 32 patients with both major depression and dysthymia ("double depression"). Fifty percent of major depressive patients, 52% of dysthymic patients, and 69% of patients with double depression were diagnosed as having at least one personality disorder. Patients with a personality disorder had higher scores on the Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories. The most commonly diagnosed personality disorders were from the anxious/fearful cluster, most notably avoidant and dependent personality disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-99
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Affective disorder
  • Beck Anxiety Inventory
  • Beck Depression Inventory
  • diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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