Polymerase chain reaction: amplification of DNA from fixed tissue

Domnita Crisan, Evan M. Cadoff, Joan C. Mattson, Kathleen A. Hartle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) allows the analysis of DNA from biologic samples containing only nanogram quantities of DNA. We used DNA purified from fresh or fresh frozen peripheral blood (PB) leukocytes and formalin, or B-5 fixed bone marrow aspirate clots (BM). A sequence of the β-globin gene was amplified via the PCR then hybridized with allele specific oligonucleotide probes for hemoglobin A, S, and C. All DNA preparations, including formalin and B-5 fixed BMs, were successfully amplified; the hybridization of the amplified products resulted in patterns consistent with the hemoglobin phenotype for all patients. PCR can be used on DNA from many sources; retrospective studies using paraffin embedded fixed tissue are possible because extremely small amounts of DNA present in fixed tissue can be successfully amplified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)489-495
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Biochemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • DNA amplification
  • bone marrow DNA
  • fixed tissue DNA
  • polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
  • β-globin gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry


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