Perfusion imaging using FOCI RF pulses

Martin N. Yongbi, Craig A. Branch, Joseph A. Helpern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Pulsed arterial spin-tagging techniques for perfusion measurements (e.g., echo planar MR imaging and signal targeting with alternating radiofrequency (EPISTAR), flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR), quantitative imaging of perfusion using a single subtraction (QUIPPS), uninverted FAIR (UNFAIR)) generally use hyperbolic secant (HS) pulses for spin inversion. The performance of these techniques depends on the inversion efficiency, as well as the sharpness of the slice profiles. Frequency offset corrected inversion (FOCI) pulses, a recently proposed HS variant, can provide slice profiles with edges that can be up to 10 times sharper than those obtained with conventional HS pulses. In this communication, the implementation and application of the C-shape FOCI pulse for perfusion imaging in rat brain with the FAIR technique is summarized. Despite providing a more rectangular slice profile than a conventional HS pulse, it is demonstrated both theoretically and experimentally that the FAIR perfusion signal is not increased by using a FOCI tagging pulse. However, the use of a FOCI inversion pulse is shown to significantly minimize static signal subtraction errors that are common with conventional HS pulses. Finally, the suitability of the pulse for perfusion studies is demonstrated, in vivo, on rat brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)938-943
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1998


  • FAIR
  • FOCI
  • Hyperbolic secant
  • Perfusion
  • Slice profile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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