Penile Myointimoma: A Clinicopathologic Study of 4 Tumors

Daniel Casa, Lin Wang, Maria Tretiakova, Thomas Cibull, Garrison Pease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Penile myointimoma is a rare, benign tumor occurring within the corpus spongiosum vasculature of the glans penis. Thus far, there have been twenty-three reported tumors in the literature. We present four additional tumors of this unique myointimal proliferation. Patients ranged in age from 20 to 68 years and presented with a firm mass on the glans penis. All four tumors displayed distinctive morphologic features consisting of a myointimal proliferation with plexiform architecture of bland myofibroblastic cells in a myxoid background in the corpus spongiosum vasculature. Characteristic cytoplasmic immunoreactivity of lesional cells with smooth muscle actin in addition to a desmin positive collarette of native vessel smooth muscle was seen in all four tumors. No disease was reported in any of the patients at last clinical follow-up (9 months to 15 years) after biopsy or excision. Myointimoma is part of a rare group of mesenchymal tumors that has been recently classified by its distinctive location, morphology, and immunohistochemical reactivity. For any nodular, spindle cell lesion of the corpus spongiosum, myointimoma should be included in the differential diagnosis given its unique characteristics and favorable clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)675-679
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Surgical Pathology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • corpus spongiosum
  • glans penis
  • myointimoma
  • penile tumor
  • soft tissue tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Anatomy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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