Patients with generalized dystonia secondary to pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration are traditionally treated palliatively with medical therapy. Therapeutic advances include stereotactic basal ganglia ablative techniques and, more recently, pallidal deep-brain stimulation. We report the course of dystonia in a teenage male. Bilateral microelectrode-guided pallidal deep-brain stimulators were placed while the patient was awake. Three parasagittal microelectrodes were inserted simultaneously. Two anterior microelectrodes were relatively quiet. The posterior electrode demonstrated a pattern of frequent bursts with high-frequency activity. The stimulator was therefore placed in the posterior location, which resulted in symptomatic improvement. Pallidal deep-brain stimulation appears to create a functional correction that may alter globus pallidus internus inhibitory output to the motor thalamus. The prominent, noisy bursting patterns observed in the globus pallidus internus suggests that high-frequency stimulation may improve signs of dystonia by normalizing thalamic discharge patterns.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Dec 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology