Ovarian kisspeptin expression is related to age and to monocyte chemoattractant protein-1

Zaher Merhi, Kimberley Thornton, Elizabeth Bonney, Marilyn J. Cipolla, Maureen J. Charron, Erkan Buyuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Purpose: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that ovarian kisspeptin (kiss1) and its receptor (kiss1r) expression are affected by age, obesity, and the age- and obesity-related chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Methods: Ovaries from reproductive-aged and older C57BL/6J mice fed normal chow (NC) or high-fat (HF) diet, ovaries from age-matched young MCP-1 knockout and young control mice on NC, and finally, cumulus and mural granulosa cells (GCs) from women who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) were collected. Kiss1, kiss1r, anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), and AMH receptor (AMHR-II) messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels were quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: In mouse ovaries, kiss1 and kiss1r mRNA levels were significantly higher in old compared to reproductive-aged mice, and diet-induced obesity did not alter kiss1 or kiss1r mRNA levels. Compared to young control mice, young MCP-1 knockout mice had significantly lower ovarian kiss1 mRNA but significantly higher AMH and AMHR-II mRNA levels. In human cumulus GCs, kiss1r mRNA levels were positively correlated with age but not with BMI. There was no expression of kiss1 mRNA in either cumulus or mural GCs. Conclusion: These data suggest a possible age-related physiologic role for the kisspeptinergic system in ovarian physiology. Additionally, the inflammatory MCP-1 may be associated with kiss1 and AMH genes, which are important in ovulation and folliculogenesis, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)535-543
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016


  • Aging
  • Kisspeptin
  • MCP-1
  • Obesity
  • Ovary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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