Background: Routine mutation profiling for resected lung cancers is not widespread despite an increasing array of targeted therapies. We report the incidence of epidermal growth factor receptor mutations (EGFRmu+) in resected lung adenocarcinomas and their outcomes at a large North American cancer center to characterize this population now eligible for targeted adjuvant therapy. Methods: Among 1036 pulmonary resections performed between 2015 and 2019, 647 patients (62%) had adenocarcinomas that underwent molecular profiling by next-generation sequencing. Clinical and pathologic characteristics, along with survival, were analyzed. Results: EGFRmu+ were identified in 238 patients (37%). Patients with EGFRmu+ were more likely to be Asian than those with EGFR wild-type (79/238 [33%] vs 37/409 [9%], respectively; P < .001) and more likely to be never-smokers (115/238 [48%] vs 73/409 [18%], P < .001). However, most patients with EGFRmu+ in our cohort were White (45%) and had a history of smoking (52%). A statistically nonsignificant trend was observed toward improved 3-year overall survival for pathologic stage IB to III cancers with EGFRmu+ (91% vs 77%, P = .09). Patients with pathologic stage IB lung cancers with EGFRmu+ had a 97% rate of 3-year disease-free survival, with only 1 recurrence in the first 3 years of follow-up. EGFR mutation subtype was not associated with survival differences. Conclusions: Although Asians and never-smokers comprised a disproportionately large group of patients with lung adenocarcinomas with EGFRmu+, most EGFR mutations within our cohort were found in patients who were White or with a smoking history, supporting a routine rather than selective approach to mutation profiling. Patients with surgically resected stage IA and IB lung adenocarcinomas enjoy excellent survival regardless of their mutational status.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine