Outcomes after an excisional procedure for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in HIV-infected women

Laura L. Reimers, Susan Sotardi, David Daniel, Lydia G. Chiu, Anne Van Arsdale, Daryl L. Wieland, Jason M. Leider, Xiaonan Xue, Howard D. Strickler, David J. Garry, Gary L. Goldberg, Mark H. Einstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine predictors of treatment failure and recurrence after surgical excisional procedures for CIN in HIV-infected women. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in which 136 eligible HIV-infected women treated for CIN between 1999 and 2005 were included. Data were abstracted from charts and computer databases. Treatment failures were defined as the presence of CIN 1+ at initial follow-up. Recurrences were defined as the presence of CIN 1+ subsequent to initial normal follow-up. Results: Treatment failure at initial follow-up was common, occurring in 51% of CIN 1 and 55% of CIN 2+. Most lesions detected at treatment failure were high grade (> 70%), regardless of the grade of initial lesion. Significant risk factors for treatment failure were loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) compared to cold knife conization (RR = 1.76; 95% CI: 1.15-2.64), and low CD4+ count (p = 0.04). Among those with an initial normal clinical evaluation, 55% eventually recurred. As with treatment failure, most lesions detected at recurrence were high grade. Risk factors for recurrence included use of LEEP (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.38; 95% CI: 1.55-7.39), higher HIV RNA level, and the presence of positive margins at treatment (HR = 6.12; 95% CI: 1.90-19.73). Conclusions: Most CIN treatment of HIV-infected women studied either failed or resulted in recurrence. Of particular concern, many of these subsequent lesions were high grade. Conization, however, was associated with significantly less failure/recurrence than LEEP. Clinicians treating CIN in HIV-infected women should avoid raising expectations of cure and instead focus on the achievable goal of cancer prevention until there are better therapies for this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-97
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 2010


  • Cervical conization
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  • HIV
  • LEEP
  • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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