Orbitocraniofacial gunshot wounds: craniofacial reconstruction and preparation of the anophthalmic socket.

S. A. Lauer, P. R. Rizzuto, J. Goodrich, A. Adamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This article is a retrospective clinical and radiographic analysis of four patients who survived high caliber orbitocraniofacial gunshot injuries. Early multidisciplinary craniofacial reconstruction included repair of comminuted orbital fractures with multiple autogenous bone grafts and/or porous polyethylene implants, enucleation, and insertion of a hollow silicone sphere as an anophthalmic socket implant. Migration of the silicone implant occurred in one case, requiring replacement with an autogenous dermis fat graft. There were no cases of extrusion or infection. Socket motility remained limited in all cases, despite reapposition of the extraocular muscles. In two cases with autogenous bone grafts along the orbital roof, there was no radiographic evidence of graft resorption after three years. Soft tissue volume deficiency and superior sulcus deformity developed in the three cases which were followed for more than six months. Despite these limitations, all four patients are wearing comfortable ocular prostheses. The postoperative results support immediate preparation of the anophthalmic socket after craniofacial reconstruction of these injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of cranio-maxillofacial trauma
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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