O'Donoghue's triad: magnetic resonance imaging evidence

Ronald B. Staron, Nogah Haramati, Frieda Feldman, Howard A. Kiernan, H. Charles Pfaff, Stuart J. Rubin, Alicia Zwass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: The objective was to search for magnetic resonance imaging evidence of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury in knees with proven tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial meniscus; the three abnormalities that make up O'Donoghue's triad. Although the MCL injury can be unapparent clinically, knee joint stability may be compromised. Design: The superficial portion of the MCL was evaluated on 19 MR studies of 16 knees with arthroscopically proven ACL and medial meniscal tears. MCL thicknesses were compared to those on MR images of 19 normal knees. Patients: The injured knees were of 13 men and 3 women, ranging in age from 19 to 56 years; the normal knees were of 10 men and 9 women, ranging in age from 19 to 55 years. Results and conclusions: The medial collateral ligaments of all injured knees were abnormal, and, as a group, they had greater thicknesses and more intraligamentous thickness variability than normal knees. The MR appearance of both ACL and medial meniscal tears served as indirect evidence of MCL injury, with irregular MCL thickening indicative of prior injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-636
Number of pages4
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Nov 1994


  • Knee injuries
  • Ligament injuries
  • Magnetic resonance imaging, knee
  • Medial collateral ligament
  • O'Donoghue's triad

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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