Motor cortex extirpation (1886-1950): The influence of Sir Victor Horsley

Joel A. Vilensky, Sid Gilman, Tze Ching Tan, Peter Mc L. Black, Edward R. Laws, James T. Goodrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To delineate Sir Victor Horsley's influence on neurosurgeons who subsequently reported (through 1950) on the effects of motor cortex extirpation surgery. METHODS: We used the available literature to divide Horsley's influence into five categories, i.e., direct trainee, via a trainee or colleague, via personal contact and publications, via publications only, and no evidence of influence. RESULTS: Of 15 later neurosurgeons who reported results through 1950, the numbers corresponding to the five categories were 1, 6, 2, 3, and 3, respectively. CONCLUSION: Horsley's influence on neurosurgeons who performed motor cortex extirpation surgery was primarily indirect, with most influence occurring via trainees of his students or colleagues. Although indirectly associated with Horsley, Paul Bucy was his truest disciple.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1484-1488
Number of pages5
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Extirpation surgery
  • Motor cortex
  • Victor Horsley

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Motor cortex extirpation (1886-1950): The influence of Sir Victor Horsley'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this