Monkeys monitor human goals in a nonmatch-to-goal interactive task

Rossella Falcone, Emiliano Brunamonti, Stefano Ferraina, Aldo Genovesio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


We designed a new task, called nonmatch-to-goal, to study the ability of macaque monkeys to interact with humans in a rule-guided paradigm. In this task the monkeys were required to choose one of two targets, from a list of three. For each choice, they were required to switch from their choice on the previous trial to a different one. In a subset of trials the monkeys observed a human partner performing the task. When the human concluded his turn, the monkeys were required to switch to a new goal discarding the human's previous goal. We found that monkeys were very skillful in monitoring goals, not only of their own choice by also those of their human partner. They showed also a surprising ability to coordinate their actions, taking turns with the human partner, starting and stopping their own turn following the decision of the human partner in the task.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere32209
JournalPloS one
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 23 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General


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