Menopause, micronutrients, and hormone therapy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Micronutrient and herbal/phytochemical supplements are of increasing interest as potential alternatives to using estrogen therapy in treating menopausal symptoms. This article provides an overview of the questionnaires that assess menopausal symptoms and research efforts to better standardize symptom assessment. The reported rate of symptoms varies by ethnicity, stage of menopause, hormonal therapy and the measurement method. The use of estrogen therapy has declined sharply after the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Hormone Trial was stopped early because the potential risks out-weighed potential benefits. There is a limited research base that addresses the efficacy of supplements in controlling menopausal symptoms. The generalizability of several studies is limited because the study participants experiences menopause as the results of treatment for breast cancer. The article concludes with a review of guidelines and of issues that need to be addressed in future research studies with emphasis on questions related to clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1223S-1231S
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer
  • Estrogen
  • Heart disease
  • Herbal supplements
  • Menopausal symptoms
  • Micronutrients
  • Phytoestrogen
  • Progestin
  • Supplements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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