Men who have sex with men in India: A diverse population in need of medical attention

Viraj V. Patel, Kenneth H. Mayer, Harvey J. Makado

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


A significant proportion of men engage in sexual relationships with other men which has direct health implications, but the unique health care needs of these patients are often ignored or overlooked. Moreover, due to a fear of stigmatization by the medical community, one of the more significant health risks for men who have sex with men (MSM) may be that they avoid routine or appropriate health care. Physicians and other providers can help overcome this barrier and improve the health care of MSM by keeping a non-judgmental attitude toward these patients, differentiating sexual behaviour from sexual identity, communicating with gender neutral terms, and maintaining awareness of how their own attitudes affect clinical judgment. The purpose of this article is to help contextualize health issues affecting MSM and provide a framework for physicians and other providers to deliver optimum and appropriate health care for men who have sex with men in India.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-570
Number of pages8
JournalIndian Journal of Medical Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2012


  • HIV-1
  • MSM
  • Primary care
  • Sex behaviour
  • Sexually transmitted infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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