Mechanisms of Vascular Complications in Prediabetes

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49 Scopus citations


Although the state of prediabetes is defined by its role as a diabetes risk factor, it also carries a significant risk of cardiovascular disease, independent of progression to diabetes. Typical diabetic microvascular complications also occur, albeit at low rates, in prediabetes. There is evidence that both glucose-related and glucose-independent mechanisms contribute to these vascular complications. Effective preventive strategies will likely require control of glycemia, as well as other metabolic risk factors. This article reviews some of the proposed mechanisms for the vascular complications of the prediabetic state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-325
Number of pages17
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Mechanisms
  • Microvascular complications
  • Prediabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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