Measurement of Intersectional Microaggressions: Conceptual Barriers and Recommendations

R. Sonia Singh, Yash Bhambhani, Matthew D. Skinta, Susan R. Torres-Harding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Since Crenshaw coined the term “intersectionality” in 1989, researchers of bias have struggled with how to capture the complexity and intricacies of intersectional identities and microaggressions experienced by individuals holding these identities within the quantitative framework that dominates psychology. Although scholarship has grown in the exploration of experiences such as racialized sexual harassment, or sexual racism within queer and trans communities, there is no strong consensus on how this might be measured systematically in ways that allow for inferences regarding the experiences of populations of interest. With an emphasis on the experiences of queer and trans people of color, this article explores intersectional identities through three main points: First, we define what is meant by intersectionality and the real-world experiences that are important for advancing an understanding of microaggressions; second, we review the existing measures and their ability to capture the breadth and depth of the lived experience of those with intersectional identities; and third, we propose a framework for the development of a more accurate and comprehensive measure of microaggressions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)956-971
Number of pages16
JournalPerspectives on Psychological Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • intersectional microaggressions
  • intersectionality
  • measurement
  • microaggressions
  • psychometrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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