Meal-related stimuli differentially induce c-Fos activation in the nucleus of the solitary tract

Michael Emond, Gary J. Schwartz, Timothy H. Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Feedback signals arising from the oral cavity and upper gastrointestinal tract contribute to the control of meal size. To assess how these signals are integrated at central sites involved in ingestive control, we compared levels of c-Fos activation in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and area postrema (AP) in response to meal ingestion or gastric and duodenal infusions in the rat. Ingestion of a liquid diet to satiety induced significant fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) at multiple levels of the NTS and within the AP. The restriction of intake to one-half the normal ingestion of a rat did not result in significant FLI, although gastric infusion of this liquid diet volume did. Fast bolus infusion resulted in greater FLI than did the same volume infused at a rate to mimic that of normal ingestion. Prior experience with gastric infusions did not affect the amounts of FLI within the NTS or AP. In, rats with pyloric cuffs blocking flow from the stomach to the intestine, combined gastric load and duodenal nutrient elicited significantly greater FLI than either gastric or duodenal infusions alone. These data demonstrate that neural activation arising from meal-related stimuli are integrated at the level of the NTS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1315-R1321
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number5 49-5
StatePublished - May 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Brain-gut communication
  • Dorsal hindbrain
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • Satiety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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