Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Manganese is required for normal growth, development and cellular homeostasis. There are a range of manganesedependent enzyme families (e.g. oxidoreductases, transferases and hydrolases) and manganese metalloenzymes (e.g. arginase, glutamine synthetase and manganese superoxide dismutase). Manganese is required for normal immune function, the regulation of blood sugars and cellular energy, reproduction, digestion and bone growth, in defence mechanisms against free radicals and, in concert with vitamin K, to support blood clotting. An adequate intake of manganese for men and women is 2.3 and 1.8 mg per day, respectively. Tissue levels are stably maintained through a tight regulation of its absorption and excretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Medicine
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781444128444
ISBN (Print)9780340946565
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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