Malignant ovarian germ cell tumor - Role of surgical staging and gonadal dysgenesis

Ken Y. Lin, Stefanie Bryant, David S. Miller, Siobhan M. Kehoe, Debra L. Richardson, Jayanthi S. Lea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Objective To evaluate the effect of comprehensive surgical staging and gonadal dysgenesis on the outcomes of patients with malignant ovarian germ cell tumor. Methods We performed a retrospective review of patients with ovarian germ cell tumors who were treated at our institution between 1976 and 2012. Results Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) were identified in 50 females. The median age was 24 years (range 13 to 49). Of all MOGCT patients, 42% had dysgerminoma, 20% immature teratoma, 16% endodermal sinus tumor, and 22% mixed germ cell tumor. Univariate analyses revealed that the lack of surgical staging (p = 0.048) and endodermal sinus tumor (p = 0.0085) were associated with disease recurrence, while age at diagnosis, ethnicity, and stage of the disease were not. Multivariate analyses revealed that the lack of surgical staging (p = 0.029) and endodermal sinus tumor (p = 0.016) were independently associated with disease recurrence. In addition, 7 patients (14%) had 46 XY karyotype, including 6 with pure dysgerminoma and 1 with mixed germ cell tumor. Five had Swyer syndrome and 2 had complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. Concurrent gonadoblastoma was found in 5 of the patients. No difference was found in the mean age at presentation, stage distribution, or recurrence rate for MOGCT patients with or without XY phenotype. Conclusions Comprehensive surgical staging was associated with a lower rate of recurrence. Fourteen percent of phenotypic females with MOGCT and 29% of those with dysgerminoma had XY karyotype. The clinical outcome of these patients is similar to that of MOGCT patients with XX karyotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-89
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Malignant germ cell tumors
  • Surgical staging
  • XY karyotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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