Long-term results after liver transplantation for primary hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma

J. R. Madariaga, I. R. Marino, D. D. Karavias, M. A. Nalesnik, H. R. Doyle, S. Iwatsuki, J. J. Fung, T. E. Starzl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


Background: Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (PHEHE) is a multifocal, low-grade malignant neoplasia characterized by its epithelial-like appearance and vascular endothelial histogenesis. The outcome of 16 patients treated with orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the subject of this report. Methods: A retrospective study of 16 patients with HEHE (7 men, 9 women) with ages ranging from 24 to 58 years (mean 37 ± 10.6 years). Follow-up intervals ranged from 1 to 15 years (median of 4.5 years). Results: Actual patient survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 100, 87.5, and 71.3%, respectively. Disease-free survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 81.3, 68.8, and 60.2%, respectively. The 90-day operative mortality was 0. Involvement of the hilar lymph nodes or vascular invasion did not affect survival. The 5-year survival of HEHE compares favorably with that of hepatocellular carcinoma at the same stage (stage 4A): 71.3 versus 9.8% (p=0.001) Conclusions: The long-term survival obtained in this series justifies OLT for these tumors even in the presence of limited extrahepatic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-487
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma
  • Liver transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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