Local Control After Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Percy Lee, Billy W. Loo, Tithi Biswas, George X. Ding, Issam M. El Naqa, Andrew Jackson, Feng Ming Kong, Tamara LaCouture, Moyed Miften, Timothy Solberg, Wolfgang A. Tome, An Tai, Ellen Yorke, X. Allen Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Purpose: Numerous dose and fractionation schedules have been used to treat medically inoperable stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) or stereotactic ablative radiation therapy. We evaluated published experiences with SBRT to determine local control (LC) rates as a function of SBRT dose. Methods and Materials: One hundred sixty published articles reporting LC rates after SBRT for stage I NSCLC were identified. Quality of the series was assessed by evaluating the number of patients in the study, homogeneity of the dose regimen, length of follow-up time, and reporting of LC. Clinical data including 1, 2, 3, and 5-year tumor control probabilities for stages T1, T2, and combined T1 and T2 as a function of the biological effective dose were fitted to the linear quadratic, universal survival curve, and regrowth models. Results: Forty-six studies met inclusion criteria. As measured by the goodness of fit χ2/ndf, with ndf as the number of degrees of freedom, none of the models were ideal fits for the data. Of the 3 models, the regrowth model provides the best fit to the clinical data. For the regrowth model, the fitting yielded an α-to-β ratio of approximately 25 Gy for T1 tumors, 19 Gy for T2 tumors, and 21 Gy for T1 and T2 combined. To achieve the maximal LC rate, the predicted physical dose schemes when prescribed at the periphery of the planning target volume are 43 ± 1 Gy in 3 fractions, 47 ± 1 Gy in 4 fractions, and 50 ± 1 Gy in 5 fractions for combined T1 and T2 tumors. Conclusions: Early-stage NSCLC is radioresponsive when treated with SBRT or stereotactic ablative radiation therapy. A steep dose-response relationship exists with high rates of durable LC when physical doses of 43-50 Gy are delivered in 3 to 5 fractions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-171
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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