Learning disabilities, dyslexia, and vision: A subject review

Philip R. Ziring, Dana Brazdziunas, W. Carl Cooley, Theodore A. Kastner, Marian E. Kummer, Lilliam Gonzalez De Pijem, Richard D. Quint, Elizabeth S. Ruppert, Adrian D. Sandler, William Anderson, Polly Arango, Paul Burgan, Connie Garner, Merle McPherson, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, Chris P. Johnson, Lani S.M. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Learning disabilities are common conditions in pediatric patients. The etiology of these difficulties is multifactorial, reflecting genetic influences and abnormalities of brain structure and function. Early recognition and referral to qualified educational professionals is critical for the best possible outcome. Visual problems are rarely responsible for learning difficulties. No scientific evidence exists for the efficacy of eye exercises ('vision therapy') or the use of special tinted lenses in the remediation of these complex pediatric developmental and neurologic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1217-1219
Number of pages3
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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